Rules Don’t Apply and Conversation with Warren Beatty

There is a running joke among clergy that when people find you in unusual situations or doing very ordinary things such as taking a pie in the face for a charity or stacking chairs, they ask you if they taught classes in that, or if you ever imagined yourself doing that when you were in seminary? I have had my share of these questions or reflections during my ministry. The latest is perhaps the most surreal. Never in my imagination did I think I would one day be interviewing Warren Beatty about sexual mores through the years and Judeo and Christian theology. While one of the great joys of ministry is the unexpected, my recent interview with Mr. Beatty was most unexpected and a great pleasure and privilege.

beatty-rules-07oct16-02I spoke with Warren Beatty during a press junket in support of the release of Rules Don’t Apply, his first film in sixteen years. As organizers of the tour had told us before we met with him, Warren certainly enjoyed talking with and learning about those he talked to. I had the pleasure of visiting with him for 45 minutes in a spacious suite in an upscale Dallas hotel. Throughout the interview, Warren was very charming gracious, and inviting which immediately put me at ease.

As a former film student I was certainly familiar with the importance of Warren Beatty’s work, however, in preparing for the interview, I was struck at his place in film and cultural history beyond his filmography.  Warren Beatty’s arrival in Hollywood in the late 1950’s coincided with the transition from the early days and ways of Hollywood where the studios and studio heads ruled, to the “New Hollywood” and the rise of stars and star power. As an up and coming Actor who had proved his actingwarren-beatty-17 chops on Broadway and had a critically acclaimed film, Splendor in the Grass, to his name, the strikingly handsome Beatty quickly became a fixture in popular and political culture. In the “Degree of Separations Game,” I was excited that in meeting Mr. Beatty, my separation from Charles Chaplin, Marilyn Monroe, John Kennedy, just to name a few, was now one.

In the conversation with Mr. Beatty, we discussed extensively his being raised in the Baptist church in Richmond Virginia, and the impact it had on him. Given that Warren Beatty had a 30-year reputation as an ultimate Hollywood playboy, many are surprised to hear the seriousness of which he has considered sexuality and relationships through those years. Beatty has been open in recent interviews to talking about his dating history and how the church influenced his views on sexuality.  Certainly Warren Beatty dated many of the most successful and beautiful women in the world and in Hollywood, though he states that most of what was written about him were heavily exaggerated, yet it took him some time to assuage his guilt toward sex.

In addition to his reputation of dating famous, beautiful women, Beatty was also famous for his refusal to get married. While other famous leading men would marry, more often than not divorce, then often repeat the process, Beatty stood alone in his refusal, for the first 30 years of his life as a movie star, to get married. While most assumed this was the result of his not wanting to give up the playboy life and settle down, in reality, it was out of beatty-2his respect for the institution of marriage.  He would rather have not married then get married and then get divorced, as so many in his circle did. In short Warren Beatty waited until he knew it was time, and that Annette Bening, his wife of 25 years, was the person he was to live the rest of his life with.  As a clergyperson, I have known many who succumbed to the pressure of family, friends, and or society to get married rather than waiting for the right time and or person they were to marry. All too often this resulted in divorce or difficult marriages.

In preparing for my interview after screening the film, I thought about the place of rules in the film and the connection between the rules of Howard Hughes for his employees and those of the Church, and why Beatty was making them a central focus of his film. Through this process, I had a-ha moment that I shared with Warren who graciously listened and discussed my thoughts with me.

It is no surprise that rules and laws play a big part of scripture, theology, and the history of the people of God. Yet, what was their purpose? When considering from a Judeo/ Christian perspective, a major, perhaps the primary purpose of the Law was to establish, foster, and protect relationships. The first objective of the Ten Commandments was to set the relationship between God and Israel. The next was to strengthen this relationship further by developing guidelines for how people were to relate and treat one another in ways that would make Israel stronger. Eventually however the number of Laws increased from 10 to over 600, many of which had little to do with and actually negatively impacted relationships.

In the New Testament, Jesus fulfilled the Law and condensed them into his double commandment, to love God with all one’s being, and then, also love all others as one loves themselves. In doing these two things, all of the Law would be fulfilled. Again, the center of the two commandments of Jesus is relationship. When rules are added that negatively impact relationships, such rules too often become tools by one group to control behavior and in doing so, control people, rather than foster and protect relationships.

Such questioning of the efficacy of rules regarding sexuality does not include laws aimed at preventing sexual abuse of children or persons who in other ways are not able to offer consent. Sexual relations in these circumstances threaten the physical and emotional health of the persons unable to give consent. Also, promiscuity is something that should be counseled against as it almost always damages current or future relationships. Lastly, it is true that sex complicates relationships and often sabotages them if entered into too early.

After filtering out the above circumstances, a question played out in the film is whether blanket rules against sex between consenting adults are efficacious or even plausible? And, if or when they aren’t, how does the resulting guilt or shame associated with sex impact the individuals and their current or future relationships? Do such rules protect or harm?

Theological reflection regarding the purpose and consequences of societal rules regarding sexuality between consenting adults should include reflection on same-sex relationships. If fostering relationship is a, if not the primary purpose of scriptural and religious institutional law and teaching, how do church or societal laws that bar relationships reflect the desire of God? If relationships are a gift from God to be protected and nurtured, and entering into such relationships through marriage is a natural desire for most people, how does denying to some people what others have speak to the importance God places on relationships, and the command of Jesus to love others as one loves oneself?  beatty-4ln the film, relationship is presented as a saving grace and avenue to a fulfilled life. If relationships are such, how can such an instrument of life and grace be denied persons seeking such? These were some of the questions Warren Beatty’s film brought to my mind after my viewing. I think he was surprised when I told him that, in addition to sharing with the audience the impact growing up in the Church had on him, he offered a surprisingly nuanced theological statement into the nature and purpose of God’s Law in light of, and at times in contrast to, Church teaching and expectations.

Depth is always a sign of a good film and conversations are always an indication of depth. While Rules Don’t Apply is a well-made, funny and entertaining film, it is also a film of nuance that can lead viewers to consider and discuss elements of society and life beyond the screen. As is often the case, the answers one has to the issues or questions brought out in this film regarding the nature and place of rules in society and the impact they have on relationships, are less important than the process of true discernment.

Rules Don’t Apply is rated PG-13 for some adult content and language.

Please see my review of Rules Don’t Apply on this website.

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Film Review: Tower

I thought I would reblog my review of this extraordinary film now that it is in release, though unfortunately very limited cities and dates. Below us s list of cities, dates and theaters.


One of the joys of attending film festivals is seeing independent films that oftentimes do not get a wide distribution if they are distributed at all. Unfortunately documentaries are among the most overlooked film genres when it comes to theatrical distribution. One of the other joys of film festivals is the access to filmmakers through Q&A’s that often follow the screening. Among the many jewels that were a part of the Dallas International Film Festival, as well as SXSW festival in Austin, was the film Tower, by Keith Maitland. Tower is a documentary about the 1966 mass shooting from the Tower on the University of Texas campus, in which 14 people were killed on the campus and 2 others off campus. This shooting was at the time, and for many years following, the worst mass murder in the history of the United States.

Tower focuses on the stories of…

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Film Review: The Birth of a Nation


Photos Courtesy Fox Searchlight Pictures

Nate Parker wrote, directed and stars in The Birth of a Nation, a well written, directed and powerfully acted film that depicts the 1831 Nat Turner Rebellion. Nat Turner was born into slavery in Virginia and after learning to read the Bible and preach, primarily to other slaves, felt called by God to lead a violent uprising against slave owners and other white people. Turner believed this would be the catalyst for a rebellion of slaves throughout the South and the ending the horrific institution. The Birth of a Nation is also one of the most important films of the year. Following the 2013 Oscar winning film for best picture 12 Years A Slave, another historically based film that addressed and depicted slavery in the United States, The Birth of A Nation allows viewers to experience, if only in the slightest way, the utter horror and indignity of the evil institution.  Unlike 12 Years, there is no reunion or anything approaching a happy ending.


birth-3The Nat Turner rebellion lasted 48 hours and resulted in the deaths of between 55 and 65 slave owners, their families, and others in August of 1831. Though the rebellion only lasted 48 hours, it led to panic on the part of slave owners and white citizens throughout the south. In retaliation for the killings, southern militias and mobs killed over 200 slaves in addition to those who participated in the rebellion. Nat Turner was able to elude capture for 2 months before he was finally caught and hung. The rebellion also resulted in greater restrictions on slaves and free blacks including prohibiting education, the ability to assemble, and the possession of firearms.

As important as the film is in instilling awareness of the history and horrific reality of slavery, I cannot recall a time when I have felt as much ambivalence after watching a film. Following the screening of the film, the distributor asked for comments from press and bloggers.  As one who was there to watch and review the film from a faith perspective, the first thought I had was the shortest verse in The Bible, “Jesus wept” (John 11:35)

Watching the film, one feels rage at the brutally cruel and inhuman treatment inflicted on persons. Also, as a United Methodist pastor, I felt anger and rage at toward the clergyman who sought to profit from slavery, specifically from assisting birth-5Nat Turner’s owner in leasing him out to other slave owners to preach compliance to and instill the fear of God into, their slaves. It is no secret that Scripture has long been used to justify unrighteous actions of persons and nations toward others. And, although I have known most southern Churches or denominations, including Methodism, allowed or endorsed slavery, seeing the impact such support had on the enslaved individuals, disturbs the soul in addition to informing the mind. That clergy and others so distorted and misused the Gospel of Christ for such gain, or whatever reason, deepens even further the sadness and anger.

After viewing, I tried not to judge the character of Turner as presented in the film. Though I believe he was wrong to kill the slave owners, their families, and others, and in doing so went against the teaching and life example of Christ, I cannot say that I would not resort to similar violence were I in the same circumstance. After exposure to such horror and indignity, anger and a desire for vengeance can take over even the strongest resolve to resist resorting to violence and retaliation.  Yet, the killings of the slave owners and others, even as they oppressed and enslaved fellow children of God, saddened Christ as did the enslavement and inhumane treatment of other humans by those same slave owners.

In his Sermon on the Mount, Jesus taught followers to resist the natural human urge to seek revenge or strike out against even one’s enemies or oppressors. Not only is such human instinct contrary to the way of the Kingdom of God, but it also destroys the one seeking revenge. Forgiveness is not only, or even primarily, for the perpetrator of an offense, it is the first and foremost instrument of healing for the victim.

Parker has stated that he chose to title the film The Birth of A Nation as a way to rbirth-8edress the false, racist presentation of African Americans, and the righteously heroic depiction of the Ku Klux Klan by D.W. Griffith in his technically groundbreaking, 1915 film The Birth of A Nation. While such presentations are in need of correction, Parker ironically follows in the footsteps of Griffith in misrepresentation; in this case, the teachings of Jesus and the expectations of discipleship. Parker has talked openly about his faith in Christ and his identity as a Christian.  He has also stated he considers Nat Turner to be a hero for being the spark that would culminate in, through the Civil War and the ending of slavery, the birth of a new nation.

As stated earlier it is hard to condemn Turner for turning to violence in the face of such oppressive and brutal treatment put upon him, his family, and millions of other slaves.  It misrepresents, however, the teachings of Christ and is contrary to the call of discipleship to countenance Turner’s actions, even against his oppressors. The call of Jesus to Nate Parker, myself, and all disciples is not to seek or celebrate the birth of a new nation through violence or any other means. It is instead to seek through Christ-like living, the fulfillment of God’s Kingdom, where revenge has no place and one has access only by the grace and forgiveness of God.

Even in the midst of the ambiguity residing within the historically based story, and the opinions of Nate Parker, The Birth of A Nation is an important film to watch because of the insight into the reality of the institution of slavery and what it was to be enslaved. While it is important to know and remember history, it is also, if not more important to understand history. Experiencing in even the mildest way the horror of slavery is vital to understanding the profound impact it had and still has on this nation, and prevent even wisps of such thinking and actions from rekindling.

The Birth of a Nation is rated R for violent content and brief nudity.

In writing the review of the film, I chose not to address in the body of the review the controversy regarding Nate Parker and his acquittal of a charge of sexual assault in 1999 while he was a student at Penn State. Click link for coverage of the incident, trial, and aftermath.

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The Magnificent Seven

Remaking a classic among classic films is where most directors should fear to tread. In remaking The Magnificent Seven, one of the most recognized American Westerns and is itself a reimagining of one of the greatest films in all of Cinema, Akira Kurosawa’s Seven Samurai, Antoine Fuqua proves his fearlessness.


Photos Courtesy MGM

The Magnificent Seven effectively combines the best of Westerns past and present, an array of strong characters with checkered pasts, magnificent scenery, an against all odds story, witty banter, and sound effects that put you in the middle of all the action. Also crucial to Westerns is an unforgettable musical score that complements the majestic cinematography and action. No Western and few film scores equal Elmer Bernstein’s famous music from the 1960 film The Magnificent Seven, which in many ways served as the 8thand most magnificent character. The spirit of Bernstein’s supreme achievement is felt through the James Horner and Simon Franglen score (Franglen completed Horner’s composition following his 2015 death.) As with the 1960 version, The Magnificent Seven has a strong cast that all give very solid performances. Director Antoine Fuqua intentionally made the cast of the seven diverse, not only to reflect the times of today but to reflect the diversity of the film’s setting, the late 1800’s.

The Magnificent Seven shares the same storyline as the previous “Sevens” where a town of hapless, ill-equipped farmers hires a band of misfit but supremely talented outlaws to help them stand and fight for their town against a mercenary army of thugs and villains. mag-7-1Denzel Washington stars as Sam Chisolm, a legendary bounty hunter with a past, who agrees to accept the pleas of town spokesperson and newest widow, Emma Cullen (Haley Bennett) when he hears the notoriously vicious industrialist Bartholomew Bogue (Peter Sarsgaard) was the murderer and leader. As a bounty hunter Chisolm knows who’s who among the territory’s criminals and gunfighters and recruits six others to join the against all odds endeavor. While they are promised “everything” by the town’s people, it’s either the challenge or the opportunity for redemption that calls them.

While not a faith film, God is referenced throughout The Magnificent Seven. As has become somewhat commonplace in Film in recent years, much of the violence occurs in and around the church. In what has to be the most juxtaposed homage in film history, The Magnificent Seven opens with the townspeople of Rose Creek debating the fate of their town against the onslaught of mag-7-5Bartholomew Bogue and his gang, not unlike the townspeople of Rock Ridge lamenting the demise of their fair town in Blazing Saddles.  Unlike Rock Ridge, however, there are no Johnsons, or “Revry,” in Rose Creek, but there is danger, greed, and evil that descends upon the meeting with deadly consequences.  The film concludes in and around the town’s church. In between, there are references to God’s will, strength, and fecklessness.

Following in the steps of Pale Rider, The Searchers, High Plains Drifter, among others, The Magnificent Seven shows the uneasy place faith and the Church had in the West and has in much of society today. While the Emmanuel Church occupies the center of the town, the presentation of Church, and God, throughout much of The Magnificent Seven is anything but central to life in the West. In contrast to the meaning of the name of the church,  God is not believed by many townspeople to be “with us,” and is most often presented as either vacant and or out of date and place.

As is often the case, films reflect societal beliefs, ways of being, and ways of living. As is so often encountered today among persons in and outside of faith, there is a lot of bad theology in The Magnificent Seven. There is the typical “If God had intended…”, and “It is God’s will…”  Some of such statements and like actions in the film are mocking God, others just misunderstand God.

mag-7-2When trying to convince Chisolm to accept their offer and plea, Emma Cullen states why and what she is seeking,” I seek righteousness. But I’ll take revenge.” Whether or not recognized, such is the sentiment of many persons of faith today. Christ calls to love one’s enemy and to resist returning evil for evil. Christ teaches that it is better to suffer than retaliate.  Yet such teaching is hard to follow when put to the test in the “real world” as constructed by society. In a time when a prominent evangelical pastor states, in order to support a political candidate, that one who follows the Sermon on the Mount is unfit to serve as President of the United States, one sees how hard it is to follow the teachings of Christ. While this statement is more explicit than most recognize and would admit, it is a sentiment many if not most in society and perhaps the church accept. When seeing this reflection of our society in this film, one has to realize how close our society, including the faithful, is to the setting of the film, when the church and teaching of her Lord were centrally located in the town, but not truly central in the life of the Town’s people.

mag-7-7Yet, there are in the film, as in the world and in the community of faith, glimpses of the grace and hope that are central to the life and teaching of Christ. And, as is often the case with the followers of Christ, it is the community where such is often experienced when characters face their crises of faith and character. Although Emma was willing if not wanting to take revenge, she becomes, if not an instrument of righteousness, a protector of another from a profane and ultimate act of revenge that likely would have led to the death of the character’s soul if not body.

Chisolm, in what is a guiding principal in his life, states on several occasions, “what was lost in the fire is found in the ashes.” In The Magnificent Seven, as in life, much is lost. But, for those who accept the Gospel and follow the teachings and life of Christ, there is also grace, redemption, life, and hope found in the cross.

The Magnificent Seven is rated PG-13 for violence

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Photos Courtesy of FilmNation

Clint Eastwood’s Sully is a compelling film recounting the January 2009 forced water landing of US Airways Flight 1549 after bird strikes knocked out both engines shortly after take-off from New York City’s La Guardia Airport.  While most Americans are familiar with the images of the plane landing and floating in the water, passengers standing on the wings awaiting rescue of by ferries and other boats, and the mild-mannered Captain Chesley “Sully” Sullenberger, (Tom Hanks) who engineered the unprecedented landing. It is what happened after the landing that is the subject of the film.

The film begins in the days following the incident as federal investigators attempt to determine if the water landing, miraculous as it was, was necessary. Did Captain Sullenberger heroically save all 155 souls on board, or did he needlessly endanger them by not trying to land at an airport? In the film, the passengers and crew had barely been able to dry off before there were reports that simulators had indicated the plane could have made it to LaGuardia or Teterboro airports.  Sully’s instincts, however, had told him he could not have made it.

As with most films about real events, some aspects of the water landing and the aftermath are altered so as to increase the drama to sustain a feature length film. The antagonism of the NTSB investigators seemed forced and stereotypical; so as to inject additional drama into what was already a dramatic story. sully-4The process and findings of the investigation, though condensed in the film, were similar to the original inquiry. Also, the effect of the event on Sullenberger, though perhaps overly dramatic as presented in the film, does indicate the power of traumatic events even when they are short-lived and have positive outcomes.

While the action sequences surrounding the flight, landing, and rescue are gripping and flawlessly presented, Sully features the light, low-key directorial touch that has become an Eastwood trademark.  Eastwood’s noted relaxed approach to shooting lends to a tranquil feel in many of his films and such is the case for Sully. This understated aspect is appropriate for this film as it reflects the calm, controlled demeanor so often exhibited by pilots and air traffic control professionals.

sully-6In what is another masterful performance by one of Film’s most accomplished and versatile actors, Tom Hanks quickly disappears into the role of Sully Sullenberger. In playing someone so unassuming and so familiar with the audience, Hanks conveys the subtle complexity of the reserved Sully’s life during the time following the crash when he was being both hailed as a hero as well as investigated for endangering the 155 lives for which he was responsible. Cast into a limelight he does not desire, Sully does what he does best as a pilot, manages the situation, including his emotions and his reticence to accept the notoriety and moniker of hero.

Though the majority of the film focuses on the investigation of the landing and the impact on Sullenberger, it also details his 40 years of flying. After learning to fly as a teen, Sully does a stint in the Air Force and flies for US Airways for almost 35 years, delivering over a million passengers safely. sully-7All of these experiences were called upon during the 200 plus seconds of flight 1549. While considered miraculous, the landing was anything but a miracle. It was instead the product of instinct, training, steady nerves, and decisive action.

That Sully was able to make decisive decisions under extreme stress and then marshal skills enough to accomplish what had never been done before, is indicative of the importance of training, instinct and preparedness. Only if Sully had been able to achieve the water landing without all of his training and experience would the events of January 15th, 2009 been miraculous.

While miracles are a part of faith, they are of God, not people. Preparations through spiritual disciplines establish and strengthen relationships between followers and God. Prayer, worship, the study of Scripture,  fellowship with, and service to, others are tools that foster spiritual growth and equip persons of faith with instinct and abilities to be able to respond when life forces one into powerless glides. Sully demonstrates that losing engines at less than 3000 feet is not the time to develop skills and instinct for deciding and executing a forced water landing. Likewise, waiting until a life crisis is not the best time to begin living by faith. One is best able to respond to challenges when one is already connected to and living by the hope and assurance one realizes and receives from God.

 Sully is rated PG-13

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In Case You Missed It Film Review “United 93”

On this the 15th Anniversary of 9/11 I am reposting my review of the powerful film of that day.


In Case You Missed It Film Review “United 93”In Case You Missed It Film Review “United 93”I wrote this review for my local church paper for the release of “United 93” in 2006.

United We Stand

The highest achievement in cinema is when a film transcends the medium and is experienced rather than simply seen.  United 93 joins the very short list of films, most recently Schindler’s List and Saving Private Ryanwhere viewers emotionally experience the event rather than simply watch the retelling.  These films allowed viewers to simulate in the slightest of ways what it was like to be a victim of the holocaust or a soldier hitting the D-Day beaches. Through masterful direction, realistic and straightforward dialogue, and a passion for telling, not dramatizing, a story that must be told, viewers truly become involved in the story.  Writer / director Paul Greengrass uses these elements…

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What’s In A Name: 9/11 Reflection


9-11 7On the first anniversary of 9/11 I was pastor at First United Methodist church in Farmersville Texas. As on the day of the attack we worshipped on the first anniversary. It was a powerful worship service. In many ways more powerful than the service on 9/11 as the numbness had dissipated but our world had been changed for a year. As it had been a year all the victims had been accounted for. It was very powerful to see all those names, at first on the computer screen and then printed on page after page after page. The following was an article I wrote for the church paper the week leading up to the anniversary of 9/11.

What’s in a name? I forget who first coined the phrase, Homer, Shakespeare, Whitman, Cosby, or some anonymous advertising copywriter. Regardless who wrote it, the question still lingers. So many things are in…

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